Affordable Rural Housing For All

What the Project is About

housing, tripura, affordable, ruralPhoto: UNDP India

Under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Gramin (PMAY-G, or Housing for All), the world’s largest housing programming for the rural poor, India aims to build 30 million houses for the rural poor for 2022 – which means building five million houses every year in rural areas. Financial assistance is provided for construction of the houses. UNDP is committed to working closely with the government to help upscale rural housing for India’s poor.

In partnership with the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), UNDP, through the Governance & Accelerated Livelihoods (GOALS) project, helps promote affordable housing for the rural poor. The first component of this has been to provide beneficiary households with a wider range of choices in terms of housing designs, materials and construction technologies. These choices are tailored to local conditions, aim to enhance user benefits and reduce the environmental footprint of housing. 


  • Conducted a study and proposed state-specific appropriate, affordable housing designs for 13 states. These states are: Assam, Bihar, Chhattisgarh, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Manipur, Meghalaya, Odisha, Sikkim, Tripura, Uttar Pradesh and West Bengal
  • Proposed more than 100 housing designs, approved by the state governments and vetted by a central agency
  • Book of Appropriate, Affordable Rural Housing designs ‘Pahal’ unveiled by the Hon’ble Prime Minister during the launch of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana- Gramin
  • Support for the states of Sikkim, Tripura, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra and Odisha in construction of demonstration houses and the setting up of project management units in some states
  • Demonstration houses completed in Maharashtra and Tripura, with the coordination and support of respective state government departments
  • More than 500 masons trained in block work and more than 50 trained in bamboo treatment and construction with bamboo
  • Traditional modules and tools for diverse housing construction materials such as bamboo, mud, timber etc. are under development
  • Integration of drinking water, sanitation and domestic energy requirements into the housing typlogies is underway

Looking to the Future

Housing_Sikkim_UNDP_INPhoto: UNDP India
  • Identification of existing and potential partners in the supply chains for integrated rural habitats
  • Development of technical, financing and institutional delivery models to strengthen enterprise-based environment for improved rural habitats
  • Demonstration of viable enterprises, financing models and institutional systems of delivery
  • To focus on engaging the private sector to support the rural housing sector. This initiative will enable upscaling and ensure sufficient access of poor, rural households to quality, appropriate, and affordable housing materials.
  • Enhancing the financial viability of the services provided, through building enterprises around integrated habitat development rather than the usual sectoral approach of housing, sanitation, etc. The initiative will also work to build convergence across different government programmes around livelihood and financial inclusion
  • Helping national and local governments to meet the challenges of scaling-up the rural housing programme for the poor, without compromising on quality or the local context
  • Enable UNDP to develop and work closely with local producer groups, private sector and financial institutions to innovate and enhance access to composite building materials
  • Help concerned institutions to standardize local building materials that, as an end product, could be used as a modular system to ensure easy replicability and economize resources

Photo Story

hateri, maharashtra, affordable housing, ruralPhoto: Dhiraj Singh for UNDP India

Building Houses, Building Dreams

In a village in Maharashtra, India, families are using government assistance to construct homes that are affordable, resilient and responsive to their needs.


Building Houses, Building Dreams

In a village in Maharashtra, India, families are using government assistance from the Prime Minister's Housing For All programme to construct homes that are affordable, resilient and responsive to their needs. Watch these designs come to life.

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