Mainstreaming Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Conservation into Production Sectors in the East Godavari River Estuarine Ecosystem, Andhra Pradesh

What the Project is About

What is the Project AboutPhoto: Vicky Lakshmanan/UNDP India

The project, in partnership with the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, funded by Global Environment Facility, aims to remove key barriers to mainstreaming environmental management considerations into major production activities with a special focus on the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary.


  • EGREE Foundation has been established under the Andhra Pradesh Society Registration Act 2001. This Foundation is a cross-sectoral platform to facilitate implementation of biodiversity conservation initiatives through the production sectors operating in the EGREE.
  • In-house library and biodiversity laboratory established in the EGREE Foundation for supporting research and conducting water quality assessments in the region. Government of Andhra Pradesh has also proposed EGREE Foundation as ENVIS centre under coastal and marine theme.
  • A separate chapter on Marine Conservation has been included in the proposed Wild Life Action Plan of India (2017 to 2031) with the successful intervention of the project. This is a first
    for India.
  • Sectoral plans have been prepared for oil and gas, tourism, aquaculture and fisheries sectors. Best practices recommended by the Fisheries, Tourism and Aquaculture sectoral plans are under implementation. Key recommendations of the Fisheries and Aquaculture sectors have been incorporated in the AP State Fisheries Action Plan. The recommendations of the Tourism Sector Plan has been incorporated in the Smart City Proposal of Kakinada, which has been selected as a Smart City.
  • Micro-plans for 41 villages in the EGREE Region completed and implemented for strengthening SHGs/Community-Based Organizations (CBOs) in natural resource use and sustainable livelihoods.
  • Trainings conducted regularly for forest department, coast guards, fisheries department, customs department, and other production sectors on conservation of coastal and marine biodiversity.
  • Corporate sustainability reporting and biodiversity workshops organized and strong support obtained from industries operating in the region for integrating biodiversity concerns into their practices.
  • Training in hospitality management conducted regularly for local communities. Trainings provided to local people working as Nature Guides in the Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary on biodiversity conservation.
  • Livelihood activities, skill development trainings such as shell handicrafts, coir making, tailoring, embroidery, pickle making etc. undertaken especially focusing on local women. SMART ” (Skills for Manufacturing of Apparel through Research and Training) Centre set up to strengthen livelihoods of local women, with support from Ministry of Textiles, Government
    of India.
  • Nesting habitats of the Olive Ridley Turtle have been protected and data reveals increase in the nesting vs hatching ratio
  • Three new species of bird and one snake have been recorded in the EGREE region by the project. Also EGREE region recorded (73-92 number) highest concentration of fishing cats in India.
  • Community Based Eco Tourism centers were established with the support of  Tourism and Forest Departments of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Eco Tourism support to Coringa Tourism Point helped in 16 folds increase in the revenue of Sanctuary, which is again plowed back to management of sanctuary and support community. Longest  mangrove wooden board walk in India for 4 Kms is major attraction to the Sanctuary.
  • Effectively implemented 61 day fish ban in EGREE Region which resulted in 20% increase in the income to fisherman.

Funding Support by

Donor Name Amount Contributed
Global Environment Facility (GEF) US$ 6,023,636

Expenditure in Previous Fiscal Years

Year Amount
2016 US$ 850,083
2015 US$ 945,675.58
2014 US$ 786,683
2013 US$ 1,028,173
2012 US$ 769,468
2011 US$ 239,000 (provisional Figures)
2010 Nil
2009 Nil
2008 Nil




Saving the World's Largest Fish (2 min and 4 min)

Watch how local fishing communities are coming together to conserve whale sharks in the east coast of India, and contributing to conserving the rich marine life of the area. 

Turning a Factory into a Bird Sanctuary

Watch how industries in the East Godavari region in Andhra Pradesh are creating green belts for migratory birds around their factories, and restoring the ecology of the region. 

Transforming Lives through Ecotourism

How can local communities conserve biodiversity and earn sustainable livelihoods? Watch how people living on the fringes of the majestic Coringa Wildlife Sanctuary are earning a living through eco-tourism and protecting their biodiversity. 

Stitching Change: Bringing Women into the Workforce

A training centre in India’s coastal state of Andhra Pradesh is helping women fisherfolk build alternate livelihoods in the region. See how.  

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