Environment and

In Depth

We aim to incorporate environmental concerns and climate change adaptation measures into development programmes and policies to achieve multiple SDG’s, including, poverty reduction, good health and well-being, affordable and clean energy and sustainable cities and communities, among others.

Low Carbon Technologies to Enhance Economic Growth

In India, three out of every four rural households rely on traditional sources of energy, and more than 40 percent of India’s households remain without electricity. UNDP works with key ministries to improve access to clean energy, especially in rural and remote areas, and build links to livelihood generation and poverty reduction initiatives. We also focus on enhancing efficiency in energy intensive sectors, including select small and medium enterprises, transport, commercial and residential sectors. Government efforts to remove market barriers to enhance dissemination of renewable energy technologies and applications are also encouraged.

Multi Stakeholder Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Management Strategies

To ensure increased resilience to climate change and disaster risks, UNDP works to integrate internationally adopted frameworks and policies for climate change and DRM within national and state-level institutions and processes. The effectiveness of national policies and programmes will depend largely on action across India’s states. Governments at the state level will play a crucial role in integrating climate change and disaster risk considerations in day-to-day governance and developing climate-friendly policies, programmes and regulations.  

To achieve and drive climate change adaptation and DRM, UNDP’s longstanding partnerships with the Government and state authorities are vital. UNDP is further expanding its partnerships with the private sector, such as trade and industry associations, as a catalyst in the climate change and disaster risk sectors.   

UNDP assists the government in preparing and implementing Climate Change Action Plans. This is demonstrated through pilots, developing capacities and encouraging involvement of a range of stakeholders, including those most vulnerable to the impact of climate change.

In partnership with the Ministry, UNDP has developed a common framework that serves as a guide to states preparing climate change action plans. By integrating these action plans with state planning and budgets, this framework which has been adopted by the Ministry, fills a critical gap between climate change and development policies. Six states have already developed action plans on climate change, a strategic step towards helping India meet national commitments and multilateral environment agreements, and for states to meet development objectives that factor in adaptation and mitigation measures.

Protecting India’s Biodiversity

A global biodiversity hotspot, India is one of the top ten species diverse countries in the world. This rich diversity has been accompanied by a strong legacy of conservation. It is a relationship that is under threat. Close to 275 million people depend on the ecosystem for day-to-day subsistence and many of India’s poorest households derive income, food, shelter and much more from forests. With the recent success of UNDP’s ecosystem and natural resource management projects in Nagaland and Maharashtra, projects with integrated development solutions that enable scaling up of comprehensive economic, social, environmental and institutional initiatives, including their sustainable livelihoods and gender equality benefits, are being encouraged. UNDP’s key focus areas of integrated natural resource management include along India’s 7,500-km long coastline; within highland and mountainous habitats; along river basins and banks, such as the Ganga; and within community managed forests.

UNDP also assists in capacity development to effectively implement India’s Biological Diversity Act, the guiding framework for biodiversity conservation in the country. 


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