Nagaland State Human Development Report
Kohima, 31 January 2005 - The Nagaland State Human Development Report (NSHDR) 2004 was released by the Governor of Nagaland, Mr. Shyamal Datta, here on 28 Janaury. The Report, the first for the State, presents a comprehensive picture on the human development attainments in the State. It presents the Government’s vision for the future that builds on the tremendous social capital in the State, which has enabled the State to have a high Human Development Index (HDI) value of .623 – higher than the national average which stood at .381 as per the 1991 data (quoted in the National Human Development Report 2001). The HDI measures three parameters of human development - education, health and income.
The Report, prepared in a participatory manner, pays tribute to the resilience of the people of Nagaland in moving ahead on the development path despite interludes of conflict. The Report highlights the transition in the State from traditional societal structures to contemporary governance and administrative structures. The vibrant Village Councils and Village Development Boards have had a strong influence on the development activities at the grass-roots level, highlighting the strong community-based approach to development .
The Nagaland State Human Development Report highlights the inter-district disparity in human development attainments. Among the eight districts in Nagaland, Dimapur with a HDI value of 0.733 ranks highest whereas Mon with a HDI value of 0.450 ranks the lowest. With regard to the gender related development index (GDI), Kohima ranks the highest whereas Mon has the least GDI value. For the Human Poverty Index, while Mokochung has the lowest value, Mon again has the highest levels of human poverty. In fact, the districts of Mon and Tuensang are consistently ranked eighth and seventh on all the three indices, highlighting the need for concerted strategies for these districts.
The Report outlines the vision of the State Government for ensuring sustainable human development by harnessing the rich bio-diversity. It focuses on the potential of the State in emerging as an important trade centre for the south-east Asian countries. Employment being one of the daunting challenges faced by the youth, the Government has initiated various programmes to this effect. The vision outlines the various strategies of the Government of Nagaland to overcome the constraints faced in achieving higher levels of social development.
Lack of data is one the key challenges in the north-eastern States. The Nagaland State Human Development Report for the first time provides rich district level data for Nagaland. The Report is the result of a collaborative initiative between the Union Planning Commission, the Government of Nagaland and the United nations Development Programme (UNDP).Download the file in PDF format.