Launch of 2010 Human Development Report: Asian countries lead development progress over 40 years
Date: 04 November 2010
New Delhi, 04 November 2010 — The 20th anniversary edition of UNDP’s Human Development Report, launched today in India, spotlights countries that made the greatest progress in recent decades as measured by the Human Development Index (HDI), with China, Nepal, Indonesia, Lao PDR and South Korea all making the Report’s "Top 10 Movers" list.
Among South Asian countries, Nepal ranks second among the top movers on non-income HDI while India is among the top 10 movers in GDP growth. The Report was launched by Mr. Patrice Coeur-Bizot, UNDP Resident Representative and UN Resident Coordinator, in the presence of Dr. Syeda Hameed, Member, Planning Commission, and Prof. Kaushik Basu, Chief Economic Advisor, Ministry of Finance.
The HDI, a composite measure of human development covering health and education as well as income was devised with Nobel Laureate Amartya Sen’s assistance by the late economist Mahbub ul Haq of Pakistan for the first Human Development Report in 1990, used the new measurement to review development progress over the previous two decades.
The new 20th anniversary edition of the Report, The Real Wealth of Nations: Pathways to Human Development, revisits that original analytical exercise, using new methodologies and international data sources, also looking back to 1970.
Speaking at the launch Mr. Patrice Coeur-Bizot said, “India ranks 119 on the HDI and is among the middle human development countries. There has been steady progress on the HDI over the past 20 years and India’s HDI is above the average for countries in South Asia. Economic growth has been impressive but inequality is on the rise. The Report shows that there is a 30 percent loss in HDI value when adjusted for inequality.”