Easing Troubled Waters; Securing Livelihoods - One Day on Earth (11.11.11)
The video follows the lives of fishing communities living in the Gulf of Mannar biosphere reserve, one of India’s bio-diverse rich regions, as they diversify their livelihoods engaged in sustainable fishing practices and conserve the biodiversity that they depend on.
The Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve, off the coast of the Indian state of Tamil Nadu, is home to one of the world’s richest concentrations of marine species. Based on its national and global significance and ecological uniqueness, the Reserve has also been identified as an international priority location for conservation of its coastal marine biodiversity. The Reserve was declared a Biosphere Reserve in 1989, the first such marine conservation area in south Asia. It is also home to 250,000 people. However, over the past few years, the Reserve’s globally-significant biodiversity is under threat by habitat destruction, over-harvesting of marine resources and civic pollution.
Since 2002, UNDP has worked with the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India and Tamil Nadu’s Department of Environment and Forests to conserve the biosphere of this area, and demonstrate approaches to integrating biodiversity conservation with coastal zone management plans by minimizing fishing pressures, providing alternate livelihoods and promoting eco-friendly fishing practices.