Climate change is altering our environment affecting agriculture, water availability, and sea-levels. It is increasing the intensity of natural disasters, the rate of species extinction and the spread of vector-borne diseases. Those most vulnerable to climate change are the world's poor as they are often directly reliant on natural resources to meet their basic needs. They also have the fewest resources to cope with climate-related shocks.
In 2011, efforts continued to take the discourse and planning on climate change to the state level. Ten states prepared draft action plans for climate change which are currently under review. The Plans address a range of concerns including, assessing community vulnerabilities, mapping climate change affects across states, understanding the impact of economic activities on the environment, and proposing strategies to respond to climate change. Nationally, several of the missions proposed under the National Action Plan for Climate Change are now operational. This includes the Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission, the National Mission on Enhanced Energy Efficiency and the Green India Mission. Efforts are also underway to integrate climate change into development strategies. The National Institute of Administrative Research has set up a Centre for Climate Change and Environment to integrate climate change concerns (both mitigation and adaptation) into training on development policy, and design and implement social sector programmes.
UNDP's climate change work falls into four main areas:
- We help people to adapt. We work to make poor people less vulnerable on all fronts. This includes striving to ensure they have access to basic energy services
- We assist developing countries to have the knowledge and skills they need
- We help to make carbon finance work for the poor
- We energize and climate-proof the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs)