Resource Mobilization for Biodiversity Projects: Case of GEF Projects in India

Pramod Krishnan, UNDP, provided a case study of an ecological development project on resource mobilization for tiger conservation in the Periyar Tiger Reserve, Kerala, India. He observed that the reserve plays a crucial role as a pilgrimage site and in ensuring regional connectivity, noting that 250,000 million people surround the park with 35,000 directly dependent on the park’s resources. He highlighted resulting challenges including access, resource use and impacts on livelihoods. He explained that eco-development is a management tool aimed at improving capacity to manage biodiversity, empower local communities and foster partnerships. He noted positive outcomes including converting poachers to park protectors and controlling unregulated pilgrimages.