11th Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity


October 1 –19, 2012
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh

The Eleventh Conference of Parties to (CoP-11) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the sixth Meeting of Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety was held at Hyderabad from 1-19 October 2012. The Government of India also hosted the high-level segment to CoP-11 at the same venue from 17-19 October 2012.

The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was inspired by the world community's growing commitment to sustainable development. It represents a dramatic step forward in the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. The Convention on Biological Diversity entered into force on 29 December 1993. It has three main objectives:

  1. The conservation of biological diversity

  2. The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity

  3. The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources

The Conference of Parties (CoP) is the governing body of the Convention, and advances implementation of the Convention through the decisions it takes at its periodic meetings.

Organized in collaboration with the State Government of Andhra Pradesh, India had proposed five key issues for discussion at the high-level segment of CBD CoP-11.

  • Biodiversity and Livelihoods

  • Integration of value of Biodiversity in National Planning and Accounting Process

  • Strategy for Resource Mobilization

  • Coastal and Marine Biodiversity

  • Operationalization of Nagoya Protocol

CoP-11 was a historical opportunity for India to influence the policy and conservation logic that will set agenda for CBD in the years to come. It was also an occasion for taking stock of the effectiveness of various global, national and sub-national initiatives on biodiversity conservation, apart from spreading awareness and building capacities for improved ecosystem management.

The provisional agenda is online here.



UNDP is the lead UN agency in the field of biodiversity management and sustainable development and works closely with the CBD, Global Environment Facility (GEF) and other partners. It supports the sustainable management of biological diversity, pro-poor approach to conservation, protected areas, biotechnology and the development of viable, new markets for ecosystem services. UNDP has actively supported CBD since its inception and at COP 10 on two key programmes: i) unleashing the economic potential of protected area systems; and ii) mainstreaming biodiversity management objectives into economic sector activities. UNDP played an active role during CoP-10 in Nagoya, during which an agreement was also signed between UNDP and CBD Secretariat to work together to attain the objectives of CBD.

During CBD COP-11, UNDP will focus on three key themes:

  1. Biodiversity and livelihoods: Biodiversity underpins the overall well-being of Indian society as it provides vital ecosystem goods and services. For India, biological diversity is closely linked to the livelihoods of millions, and thus, biodiversity conservation strategies represent important poverty reduction strategies.

  2. Biodiversity and governance: India has experimented with a diverse range of governance structures to conserve biodiversity. Leveraging this experience, CoP-11 will highlight the country’s rich natural resources, vast experience gained through conservation initiatives, strong linkages between livelihoods and conservation, and the existence of a plethora of governance models.

  3. Ecosystem based approaches for resilience: Biodiversity is an immediate victim of climate change and also provides a practical solution to address climate change. Ecosystem Based Adaptation (EBA) offers cost effective and multiple-benefit solutions to build resilience.

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