11th Conference of Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
October 1 –19, 2012
Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh
The Eleventh Conference of Parties to (CoP-11) to the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) and the sixth Meeting of Parties to the Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety was held at Hyderabad from 1-19 October 2012. The Government of India also hosted the high-level segment to CoP-11 at the same venue from 17-19 October 2012.
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) was inspired by the world community's growing commitment to sustainable development. It represents a dramatic step forward in the conservation of biological diversity, the sustainable use of its components, and the fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the use of genetic resources. The Convention on Biological Diversity entered into force on 29 December 1993. It has three main objectives:
- The conservation of biological diversity
- The sustainable use of the components of biological diversity
- The fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising out of the utilization of genetic resources
The Conference of Parties (CoP) is the governing body of the Convention, and advances implementation of the Convention through the decisions it takes at its periodic meetings.
Organized in collaboration with the State Government of Andhra Pradesh, India had proposed five key issues for discussion at the high-level segment of CBD CoP-11.
- Biodiversity and Livelihoods
- Integration of value of Biodiversity in National Planning and Accounting Process
- Strategy for Resource Mobilization
- Coastal and Marine Biodiversity
- Operationalization of Nagoya Protocol
CoP-11 was a historical opportunity for India to influence the policy and conservation logic that will set agenda for CBD in the years to come. It was also an occasion for taking stock of the effectiveness of various global, national and sub-national initiatives on biodiversity conservation, apart from spreading awareness and building capacities for improved ecosystem management.
The provisional agenda is online here.
UNDP and CBD
UNDP is the lead UN agency in the field of biodiversity management and sustainable development and works closely with the CBD, Global Environment Facility (GEF) and other partners. It supports the sustainable management of biological diversity, pro-poor approach to conservation, protected areas, biotechnology and the development of viable, new markets for ecosystem services. UNDP has actively supported CBD since its inception and at COP 10 on two key programmes: i) unleashing the economic potential of protected area systems; and ii) mainstreaming biodiversity management objectives into economic sector activities. UNDP played an active role during CoP-10 in Nagoya, during which an agreement was also signed between UNDP and CBD Secretariat to work together to attain the objectives of CBD.
During CBD COP-11, UNDP will focus on three key themes:
- Biodiversity and livelihoods: Biodiversity underpins the overall well-being of Indian society as it provides vital ecosystem goods and services. For India, biological diversity is closely linked to the livelihoods of millions, and thus, biodiversity conservation strategies represent important poverty reduction strategies.
- Biodiversity and governance: India has experimented with a diverse range of governance structures to conserve biodiversity. Leveraging this experience, CoP-11 will highlight the country’s rich natural resources, vast experience gained through conservation initiatives, strong linkages between livelihoods and conservation, and the existence of a plethora of governance models.
- Ecosystem based approaches for resilience: Biodiversity is an immediate victim of climate change and also provides a practical solution to address climate change. Ecosystem Based Adaptation (EBA) offers cost effective and multiple-benefit solutions to build resilience.
In the News
- Include the Poor in Biodiversity Conservation
[Date: 11 October 2012, Source: The Hindu]
- It's an Asset, Invest in it
[Date: 08 October 2012, Source: The Hindustan Times]
- CM Advocates Scientific Approach in Conserving Biodiversity
[Date: 04 October 2012, Source: Business Standard]
- Nabam Tuki Bats for Scientific Approach in Biodiversity Conservation
[Date: 04 October 2012, Source: The Sentinel]
- Creating Medicinal Forests a Giant Step to Good Health
[Date: 03 October 2012, Source: The Asian Age]
- Indian Medicinal Plants Face Extinction
[Date: 02 October 2012, Source: The Asian Age]
- Hyderabad Hotels Gear Up to Receive Cop-11 Guests
[Date: 30 September 2012, Source: The Hindu]
About Rebeca Grynspan
Rebeca Grynspan was appointed by Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon to the position of UN Under-Secretary-General and UNDP Associate Administrator effective 1 February, 2010. Before joining the United Nations, Ms. Grynspan was elected Vice-President of Costa Rica from 1994 to 1998.
Projects and Initiatives
- Biodiversity Conservation Through Community-Based Natural Resource Management
- Mainstreaming Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Conservation into Production Sectors in the East Godavari River Estuarine Ecosystem, Andhra Pradesh
- Conservation and Sustainable Use of the Gulf of Mannar Biosphere Reserve's Coastal Biodiversity
- Strengthening Institutional Structures to Implement the Biological Diversity Act
Stories of Change
UNDP has partnered with the Government of Tamil Nadu to demonstrate the possibilities of conserving the environment and encouraging sustainable development processes in the Gulf of Mannar.
In Eye of the Forest: Conserving Biodiversity, Building Sustainable Futures
Recognizing the close communion between communities and natural resources, UNDP is supporting several initiatives in Chhattisgarh to help communities conserve traditional knowledge, build awareness on conservation-friendly gathering practices and help people, particularly women access the market to sell their produce.
- Remarks by Rebeca Grynspan, UNDP Associate Administrator: 11th Conference of the Parties to the Convention on Biological Diversity
- XI Conference of Parties to the Convention of Biological Diversity
- Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
- Conference of Parties (CoP)
- Provisional Agenda of CBD CoP 11
- Government of India
- State Government of Andhra Pradesh, India
- Global Environment Facility (GEF)
- About India
- UNDP India Blog: Biodiversity – A Time to Act | Srinivasan Iyer
- UNDP India Blog: Creating Agricultural Entrepreneurs in Jharkhand- Lessons from a UNDP Biodiversity Project | Ruchi Pant
The booklet, showcased at the eleventh conference of parties to the Convention of Biological Diversity in Hyderabad, is a compilation of UNDP India's work on biodiversity conservation and sustainable use of natural resources.
The publication examines five biodiversity governance models that have helped conserve India’s natural landscape