UNDP supports efforts to strengthen disaster management capabilities across rural and urban India. By institutionalizing disaster risk reduction, our goal is to help minimize losses and reduce vulnerabilities to natural disasters that affect millions in India each year.
Largest Disaster Risk Reduction Programme in Asia
The Disaster Risk Management Programme launched in 2002 evolved into the largest community-based disaster risk management programme in Asia. It ensured comprehensive coverage of the most hazard-prone and vulnerable regions and communities. Disaster management and mitigation plans were developed for 17 states, 176 districts and 157,000 villages. The programme reached out to more than 30 percent of India’s population. Training, expertise and knowledge was provided to help state and district institutions and community members, especially women, prepare for disasters. This aimed at building resilience against risk, bridging the gap between emergency relief and long-term development. A web-enabled database, the India Disaster Resource Network (IDRN) helps district authorities identify availability and location of resources.
From Community Preparedness to Institution Building: Disaster Risk Reduction (2009-12)
The emphasis of the Programme since 2009 has been on preparedness and building the capacity of people to respond to emergencies. The focus now is on institutionalizing disaster risk reduction, building capacity for early recovery and reducing risk in urban areas. This can be achieved through:
- Activating State and District Disaster Management Authorities and supporting preparation of a comprehensive disaster management plan
- Mainstreaming disaster risk reduction in development
- Undertaking risk and vulnerability assessments
- Building capacities of stakeholders for early recovery
- Reducing risk in urban areas
India’s Vulnerability Profile
- 60% of India’s landmass is susceptible to earthquakes; over 8% prone to floods
- 68% of the area is susceptible to drought
- Over 70% of the nearly 7,500-kilometre long coastline is prone to cyclones
- 70% of the land under cultivation is prone to drought
- 2.25% of the Gross Domestic Product has been eroded by disasters
11th Five-Year Plan (2007-2012), Volume I- Inclusive Growth, Planning Commission, Government of India, 2008; Report of the Workshop on Risk Financing/Risk Transfer in Disaster Management, National Institute of Disaster Management, 2005.
India is highly vulnerable to natural disasters, losing about two percent of the GDP on an average to disasters. This publication by the Ministry of Home Affairs, and supported by UNDP highlights policies and programmes undertaken by the Government of India to mitigate disaster risk, and areas of action to make the country disaster resilient in the future.
The newsletter highlights various initiatives undertaken by the states in disaster management planning under the GoI-UNDP Disaster Risk Reduction Programme in November-December, 2011.
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