- Uncontrolled harvesting of medicinal and aromatic plants is destroying the livelihoods of local communities
- Twenty-one Medicinal Plant Development Areas declared in three states have concentrated efforts in species diverse locations
- Over 12,000 home herbal gardens set up in Chhattisgarh with the help of Traditional Healers Association
- Over 350 front-line staff of state forest departments and community members trained through Village Botanist Course, workshops, and exposure visits
- Better understanding of diversity of species through comprehensive botanical and ecological surveys
- Nineteen species identified as threatened through Conservation Assessment and Management Plan exercises held in the three project states
Mainstreaming Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants Diversity in Three Indian States
What is the Project About
In partnership with the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India, the project seeks to promote long-term conservation and sustainable use of India’s medicinal plants through forest management policy and practice at national, state and local levels.
What Have We Accomplished So Far
- Mainstreaming conservation and Sustainable use of Medicinal Plants in Policies and Protocols
- Detailed analysis of relevant national and state legislation was carried out proposing mainstreaming conservation of medicinal plants. The State Government of Arunachal Pradesh has notified the Arunachal Pradesh Medicinal and Aromatic Plants Policy 2015.
- The project has initiated a National Inter-sectoral Strategy on Conservation and Sustainable Use of Medicinal Plants. The three project states too have initiated such strategy.
- The project significantly contributed to the revision of the National Forest Working Plan Code by including medicinal plants into it. The Code came into effect from 1 April, 2014
- ‘Sui Generis legal mechanism for protecting traditional knowledge of medicinal plants in India’ was prepared, based on a detailed review of international treaties and national legislation.
- Demonstration of replicable models of in-situ and ex-situ conservation of medicinal plants
- Twenty Medicinal Plants Conservation Development Areas[i] covering 24,047 hectare, were developed in three project states which also includes conservation of 32 GSMPs.
- The three project states have undertaken plantation of various medicinal plants including GSMPs on 13,130 hectare.
- Institutional mechanisms established, towards sustainable harvest and use of medicinal plants and to ensure equitable access and sharing of benefits
- The State of Uttarakhand has included a chapter on conservation and sustainable use of medicinal plants in each of its four forest divisional working plans. Similar efforts resulted Arunachal Pradesh to include a chapter on medicinal plants in one Forest Divisional plan. For the State of Chhattisgarh, data was provided for revision of four plans.
- Information is compiled on availability of medicinal plants and local biological resources, their medicinal and other uses. This wealth of knowledge is now available in 16 People’s Biodiversity Registers.
- Twelve Bio-cultural Community Protocols have been prepared with detailed terms for accessing and sharing benefits arising out of use of genetic resources.
- Sustainable Harvest Protocols have been developed for 10 key-species including Cinnamomum tamala, Dioscorea hispida, Andrographis paniculata, Terminalia arjuna,Semecarpus anacardium, Embelia tsjeriam-cottam,Celastrus paniculatus, Rubia cordifolia .
- Chhattisgarh State Medicinal Plants Board has received funding of INR 7.36 crores from the state Forest Department under Community Afforestation Fund Management and Planning Authority for replicating project activities in new sites.
- Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions, initiated a long term strategy for threat assessment and monitoring the conservation status of medicinal plants in India. The threat status of 46 endemic medicinal plants species is uploaded in International Union for Conservation of Nature – Species Information Services system.
- Training, Capacity Building & Knowledge sharing
- Curriculum developed on importance of medicinal plants conservation and sustainable use for the Indian Forest Services probationers for Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy.
- Curriculum revised, tested and adopted by State Forest Training Academies for frontline forest staff in the three project States.
- SMPBs & traditional healers guided nearly 50,000 families to develop ‘Home Herbal Gardens’ in Chhattisgarh between 2011- 2014.
- Village Botanist Course, workshops and exposure visits helped in training over 500 front-line staff of state forest departments, traditional healers, local traders, members of the BMCs, rural youth and women.
- More than 100 knowledge products developed comprising brochures, booklets, films, jingles, radio programmes, mascots, websites and puppet shows.
- Project experiences and learnings shared in more than 10 National and 5 International workshops and training programmes.
Funding Support by
|Donor Name||Amount Contributed|
|Global Environment Facility (GEF)||US$ 4,935,000|
Expenditure in Previous Fiscal Years
Healing Through Nature: Protecting India’s Traditional Medicinal Wealth
Since 2008, India’s Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change has partnered with UNDP to promote the sustainable use and conservation of medicinal plants in three ecologically fragile states – Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand.
Conserving Medicinal Plants, Protecting Traditional Knowledge
Since 2008, UNDP in partnership with the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India and the Global Environment Facility is promoting sustainable use and conservation of medicinal plants in the three ecologically-fragile states of Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh and Arunachal Pradesh.
Stories of Change
Conserving Medicinal Plants, Sustaining Livelihoods
Since 2008, UNDP in partnership with the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India and the Global Environment Facility is promoting sustainable use and conservation of medicinal plants in the three ecologically-fragile states of Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh and Arunachal Pradesh. An estimated 316 species in India are under threat of extinction.
Conservation of Medicinal Plants
India has a rich resource base of medicinal plants, plush with about 8,000 different species. According to the Government of India (GoI), traditional medicines are the sole means of health care for about 65 percent of the population.
In the News
- UNDP Scheme to Conserve Medicinal Plants in State
[Date: 21 August 2014, Source: The Hindu]
- Develop Linkage between Panchayats and Biological Conservation: Official
[Date: 29 November 2013, Source: Deccan Herald]
- Shadow Puppetry to Help Conserve Medicinal Plants in Arunachal
[Date: 30 August 2013, Source: The Times of India]
Shadow Puppetry to Help Conserve Medicinal Plants in Arunachal Pradesh
[Date: 30 August 2013, Source: Jagran Post]
- ‘Focus on Conservation, Documentation of Biological Resources for Sustainable Benefit’
[Date: 23 August 2013, Source: The Echo of Arunachal]
- APSMPB Officials Accompanying National Team on Visit to Costa Rica
[Date: 20 August 2013, Source: The Echo of Arunachal]
- Creating Medicinal Forests a Giant Step to Good Health
[Date: 03 October 2012, Source: The Asian Age]
- Indian Medicinal Plants Face Extinction
[Date: 02 October 2012, Source: The Asian Age]
- Project Start Date:
- March 2008
- Estimated End Date:
- June 2015
- Geographic Coverage:
- Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Uttarakhand
- Focus Area:
- Environment and Energy
- Goal 7- Ensure Environmental Sustainability
- Project Officer:
- Ruchi Pant
- Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India; National Medicinal Plants Board; State Forest Departments and State Medicinal Plants Boards of Arunachal Pradesh, Chhattisgarh and Uttarakhand; National Biodiversity Authority; Indira Gandhi National Forest Academy; Foundation for Revitalization of Local Health Traditions
2013 Annual Performance Report of UNDP-supported GEF-financed Projects
Voices of the Marginalized
- Bio-cultural Community Protocol of Danus and Takulis of Jhuni
- Bio-cultural Community Protocol of the Baigas, Traditional Healers’ Community, Tatidhar Village, Marwahi Forest Division, Chhattisgarh
- Bio-cultural Community Protocol of the Men-Hing (Medicinal Plants) of the Monpa (Sartang) of Salari, Arunachal Pradesh