Mainstreaming Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Conservation into Production Sectors in Sindhudurg Coast in Maharashtra

What is the Project About

What is the Project About
Photo: Prashanth Vishwanathan/UNDP India

The project, in partnership with the Ministry of Environment and Forests and financed by the Global Environment Facility, aims to mainstream biodiversity conservation into Sindhudurg coastal district’s production sectors. It also seeks to generate awareness among local communities on biodiversity conservation amidst the threat of unsustainable fishing practices, rising pollution from fishing vessels and maritime traffic in the region.

What Have We Accomplished So Far

What Have We Accomplished So Far
Photo: N Vasudevan/UNDP India
  • A Mangrove and Coastal and Marine Biodiversity Conservation Foundation has been established in the state of Maharashtra in order to bring in continuation of the key activities initiated under the Project, as well as considering the need for the conservation of coastal and marine biodiversity along the coast of Maharashtra.
  • Biodiversity inclusive Fisheries Plan for Sindhudurg Coast prepared and is under implementation; Joint Patrolling, being one of the activituy in the Plan initiated by the Fisheries and Forest Departments.
  • Square mesh net at the cod end of trawl nets adopted by all (317) trawlers in Sindhudurg District.
  • To encourage the people of coastal Sindhudurg to mangrove conservation, mangrove crab farming initiated with 28.5 acres of land in 15 villages brought under crab farming and 149 beneficiaries trained in mangrove crab farming.
  • An expedition to Angria Bank to study the living marine resources successfully completed and
    a documentary prepared. The study reflects presence of 160 identified species including 53 coral species, 18 fish species, 9 seaweed species, 9 echinoderms. 18 species were recorded which are yet to be identified, which includes 6 coral species.
  • Four encounters of Bryde’s whale and one encounter of a mother-calf pair of Blue Whale recorded, and 561 individuals of Indo-pacific humpback dolphins identified in Sindhudurg waters, under the Cetacean Population Assessment project. Systematic collection of baseline data for beaching and stranding of cetaceans initiated, under which 19 incidents of beaching have been recorded.
  • 100,000 mangrove saplings planted to rehabilitate 20 ha. of degraded mangrove area; 98000 mangrove saplings of RET species were raised. Digitized maps of mangroves in Sindhudurg region prepared.
  • 40 Biodiversity Management Committees formed under the project and creation of 8 People’s Biodiversity Register initiated.
  • 25 mussel and oyster farming units set up with women SHG groups. System of Rice Intensification (improved crop production technique) implemented in 1000 acres of paddy land leading to increased income of local farmers, in all resulting in 739 individuals being shifted to additional livelihood options, to reduce pressure on biodiversity.
  • Rehabilitation of degraded coral sites through transplantation of coral using artificial substrates and native coral species undertaken. Enhancing biodiversity of coral reef through deployment of
    250 artificial reefs building blocks undertaken.
  • The “Sindhudurg Clean Beach Campaign” launched across 29 beaches along the Sindhudurg coast; Comprehensive solid waste management plan prepared for 185 villages and Sindhudurg Fort and Vijaydurg Fort declared as ‘No plastic Zone’.
  • Awareness workshops conducted regularly to sensitize fisheries department staff on biodiversity conservation; Small-scale fishermen sensitized about biodiversity inclusive sustainable marine fishing practices.
  • Capacity building of representatives of production sector, conservation sector as well as the livelihood sector carried out, including 929 fishermen trained in sustainable fisheries management practices and 3293 farmers trained in SRI.

Funding Support by

Donor Name Amount Contributed
Global Environment Facility (GEF) US$ 3,438,294

Expenditure in Previous Fiscal Years

Year Amount
2015 US$ 795,772.94
2014 US$ 927,421
2013 US$ 592,573
2012 US$ 82,450
2011 Nil




   Mainstreaming Marine Biodiversity in Sindhudurg
Watch how new cultivation techniques are helping crab and oyster farmers of Sindhudurg, Maharashtra increase their incomes, while conserving the rich biodiversity of the area 
   Fishing for the Future
A majority of people living in the coastal region of Sindhudurg, Maharashtra rely on fishing for livelihood. Watch how newly adopted sustainable fishing technology, introduced by UNDP and Government of Maharashtra, has drastically reduced unwanted catch and is conserving the region’s rich marine biodiversity

Photo Essay

People and Seas: Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in Sindhudurg

People and Seas: Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in Sindhudurg  
Sindhudurg , on the coast of Maharashtra is one of 11 ecologically critical habitats in India. Since 2011, a UNDP partnership with the Ministry of Environment and Forests and the government of Maharashtra, is supporting efforts to conserve the enormous biodiversity wealth of the coastal area. The partnership is supported by the Global Environment Facility.

In the News

Project Overview
Project Start Date:
January 2011
Estimated End Date:
December 2016
Geographic Coverage:
Sindhudurg coast including three Talukas- Deogad, Malvan and Vengurla
Focus Area:
Environment and Energy
Goal 13, Goal 14
Project Officer:
Lianchawii Chhakchhuak
Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India; Department of Forests, Government of Maharashtra
Highlights (Looking to the Future)
  • Bringing in enabling environment for sustaining the activities initiated under the project.
  • Improving planning and management in the coastal zone and land use decisions in the surrounding area
  • Minimizing the environmental impacts of growing coastal tourism through low-impact, community based tourism
  • Strengthening the capacities of conservation and production sector staff and managers in environment-friendly production practices
  • Replicating successful interventions and strategies in other marine and coastal areas in the country
  • Providing a platform for a landscape based approach in coastal and marine biodiversity conservation governance
  • Sustainable livelihood strategies through diversified income options
Related Documents
2013 Annual Performance Report of UNDP-supported GEF-financed Projects


Stories of Change
Feeding the Future: Organic Farming along the Maharashtra Coastline
System of Rice Intensification technology, introduced by UNDP and Government of Maharashtra, has affected an increase of rice yield per gram by nearly 40-80 percent while reducing the need for irrigation by up to 40 percent. The farming technology is also increasing family incomes from  INR 20,
Fishing for the Future: Fishermen on India's West Coast Lead the Way

Fishermen along India’s western coast are now using square mesh nets and practicing sustainable marine fishing. It is earning them higher incomes, protecting marine biodiversity and paving the way for policy change in one of the country’s most important fishing coastlines.

4,000 School Students Join the Launch of the Clean Beach Programme in Sindhudurg

A ‘Clean Beach’ campaign launched by the Ministry of Environment and Forests; Department of Forests, Government of Maharashtra and UNDP drew thousands of children to the beaches on the Sindhudurg coastline in southern Maharashtra on 12 January 2013.

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