Implementation of Rural Sanitation Initiatives for Ganga Rejuvenation in Jharkhand

What the Project is About

Rejuvenating the Ganga: Improving Rural Sanitation in JharkhandPhoto: UNDP India

Millions of people in India depend upon the Ganga for their livelihood and well-being. A lifeline for almost 45 percent of the population, the river today suffers from overuse and pollution. This partnership between the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, the Government of Jharkhand and the United Nations Development Programme aims to reduce contamination and improve the health and quality of life for 46,100 households in 78 villages in Jharkhand. The rejuvenation of the river is a key priority for the Government of India, and through the National Mission for Clean Ganga it aims to address a range of challenges, including waste water and solid waste management, industrial effluence and river front development.


Developments so far Photo: UNDP India
  • Conducted village entry and community mobilization activities in 78 villages in collaboration with three mother NGOs
  • Developed village sanitation plans with a participatory approach and received community agreements for the proposed interventions
  • Provided handholding and facilitation support to community-based organizations like the panchayat, village water and sanitation committees (VWSCs) and women self-help groups (wSHGs) through village motivators and community organisers
  • Created greater community awareness through village-level “Swachh Gaon, Sundar Gaon” campaigns
  • Facilitated the building of sustainable, village-level institutions through formation and strengthening of 200-plus wSHGs from August 2016 to November 2016. These groups meet regularly, take joint decisions on implementation, savings, and roles and responsibilities
  • Conducted a financial inclusion survey (including details of bank account and Aadhaar card holders) for 46,100 households in 78 villages and facilitated access to financial services
  • Enabled training and orientation of master masons for the construction and management of toilets (IHHLs) with attached bathrooms and water storage tanks
  • Enabled capacity development and skill enhancement of SHGs and other community-based local institutions by helping to set up micro-enterprises in: Fly ash brick-making; lac production and processing; tailoring; sanitary napkin production; other sanitation-based micro enterprises for pit covers; and RCC ring and skylets for cost-effective construction of sanitation infrastructure
  • Developed innovative solid and liquid waste management practices, such as engaging local rag-pickers for day-to-day segregation, collection, sorting and community processing of solid waste
  • Ensured sustained incomes and better quality of life for local communities through livelihood interventions such as: Introduction of composting; horticulture; fodder development plots; improved livestock and animal husbandry; backyard kitchen gardens; medicinal plant nurseries; and agricultural and cropping systems
  • Enhanced awareness of agricultural best practices by organizing training-cum-exposure visits for farmers and wSHGs to the Krishi Vigyan Kendras
  • Promoted use of clean fuels through the construction of biogas units and smokeless efficient cook stoves in households; beneficiary selection through village meetings and community agreements

Funding Support by

Donor Name Amount Contributed
Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation US$ 15,033,131
Community, corporate social responsibility funds and other donors US$ 2,930,778
UNDP, including Global Environment Facility (GEF) Small Grants Programme (SGP) US$ 1,117,761


Expenditure in Previous Fiscal Year


Not Applicable

Integrated, Institutional, Replicable Mechanisms

This infographic provides an overview of the integrated and innovative approach towards creating institutional replicable mechanisms along riversides in India by detailing a sustainable pilot for rural sanitation initiatives in 78 villages of Sahibganj district, located along the river as it flows through Jharkhand.



Stories of Change

Breathing Easy: Better Health through Improved Cook Stoves

Breathing Easy
Better Health through Improved Cook Stoves 

Thinking differently: Improving sanitation on the banks of the Ganga

Thinking differently: Improving sanitation on the banks of the Ganga
How encouraging local ownership is enabling behavioural change 

Towards a Healthier Future: Construction and Use of Toilets with Bathrooms Ensures End of Open Defecation, Improved Health and Quality of Life

Towards a Healthier Future 
Many households have begun to benefit from newly constructed toilets with bathrooms via a two-and-a-half-year partnership between the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, Government of India, the Government of Jharkhand and UNDP.




05 October 2016
Launch of New Partnership to Revive Ganga
A new initiative in Jharkhand aims to rejuvenate the Ganga river by improving sanitation practices and linking them to livelihoods. This exciting partnership was launched by the National Mission for Clean Ganga (Namami Gange), Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation and the Government of Jharkhand. It is supported by UNDP. Watch the launch of the project here. 

Photo Essays


02 June 2016
Water is Life: Rejuvenating India’s Mighty Ganga River 
In May 2016, the National Mission for Clean Ganga, India’s Ministry of Water Resources, River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation, and the Jharkhand state government announced a partnership to rejuvenate the Ganga through improved sanitation and sustainable livelihoods.  The partnership is supported by the United Nations Development Programme. 

In the News