6 Combat HIV/AIDS, Malaria and Other Diseases

Where we are?

India has made significant strides in reducing the prevalence of HIV and AIDS across different types of high risk categories. Eighty-six percent of transmissions of HIV and AIDS in India are caused by sexual activity. Much of this decline can be attributed to greater awareness and increasing condom use. Adult prevalence has come down from 0.34 percent in 2007 to 0.45 percent in 2002.

Malaria, both in terms of prevalence and death has declined. Malaria diagnosis has declined from 1.745 percent in 2005 to 1.52 percent in 2009. Further, malaria prone states such as the north- eastern states, Gujarat, Karnataka, Madhya Pradesh, Maharashtra, Orissa, Rajasthan and West Bengal have recorded fewer malaria deaths since 2006.

India accounts for one-fifth of the global incidence of tuberculosis (TB), but India has made progress in halting its prevalence. Treatment success rates have remained steady at 86-87 percent over the last five years and prevalence of TB has steadily declined.

UNDP's work in India

  • Elango Ramachandran works with the Karnataka Network for positive people

    Going to School Again

    People living with HIV become proud management graduates as a result of the management programme supported by UNDP, which comprised four weeks of classroom and two weeks of field training.more

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  • This oath was signed in 2007 on World AIDS Day by members from various sectors of society led by the then State Health Minister Digamber Singh.

    Mainstreaming HIV: Together We Stand a Chance

    UNDP India’s initiative of Mainstreaming HIV is witnessing a process of constructive change. The mainstreaming approach was adopted as a response to the Indian government’s needs-assessment of the HIV/AIDS situation in the country.more

Ongoing projects

Support to National Response to Mainstreaming HIV

UNDP in partnership with the National AIDS Control Organisation has implemented this programme to mainstream HIV in non-health sectors. The project aims to reach three million directly with HIV services. more

Mainstreaming HIV/AIDS concerns in the North-East

The National AIDS Control Programme has placed emphasis on strengthening support to the 8 states in the North-East of India to meet the challenge of HIV/AIDs in the region. The objective of this joint UN Programme is to contribute to the national response to reduce risk and impact of HIV/AIDS in the North-East and improve the quality and delivery of the national HIV/AIDS prevention and control programme in the region. more

Strengthening community systems for sexual minorities

Interventions for sexual minorities have to compliment efforts to reduce stigma and discrimination, and promote human rights. Stigma also poses a critical obstacle in any response to meeting the challenge of HIV/ AIDS. In the absence on adequate data on stigma faced by different population groups, planners find it difficult to design specific programmes that can have an impact on reducing vulnerability. UNDP is undertaking preparatory studies and consultations to provide inputs towards the design of evidence-bas strategies for stigma reduction, and increasing access of sexual minorities to social services. more

Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms

With a few years left to achieve the MDGs, this document provides a quick snapshot of India’s progress towards the MDGs and highlights key recommendations made during a roundtable discussion 'Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms.'

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Millennium Development Goals: India Country Report 2011

This report by the Government of India assesses the country’s progress towards achieving the MDGs. It focuses on performance against measured outcomes and assesses where the country is likely to be by 2015. In doing so, it attempts to provide a roadmap for future action.

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Targets for MDG6
  1. Halt and begin to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS
    • HIV prevalence among population aged 15-24 years
    • Condom use at last high-risk sex
    • Proportion of population aged 15-24 years with comprehensive correct knowledge of HIV/AIDS
    • Ratio of school attendance of orphans to school attendance of non-orphans aged 10-14 years
  2. Achieve, by 2010, universal access to treatment for HIV/AIDS for all those who need it
    • Proportion of population with advanced HIV infection with access to antiretroviral drugs