6 Reduce Child Mortality

Where we are?

The fourth Millennium Development Goal aims to reduce mortality among children under five by two-thirds. India’s Under Five Mortality (U5MR) declined from 125 per 1,000 live births in 1990 to 74.6 per 1,000 live births in 2005-06. U5MR is expected to further decline to 70 per 1,000 live births by 2015. This means India would still fall short of the target of 42 per 1,000 live births by 2015. In view of these statistics, child survival in India needs sharper focus. This includes better managing neonatal and childhood illnesses and improving child survival, particularly among vulnerable communities. Survival risk remains a key challenge for the disadvantaged who have little access to reproductive and child health services. Major states in the heartland of India are likely to fall significantly short of these targets, by more than 20 points.

Key to significant progress in reducing U5MR and infant mortality rates rests with reducing neonatal deaths, that is, infant deaths that occur within a year of birth at a fast pace.

Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms

With a few years left to achieve the MDGs, this document provides a quick snapshot of India’s progress towards the MDGs and highlights key recommendations made during a roundtable discussion 'Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms.'

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Millennium Development Goals: India Country Report 2011

This report by the Government of India assesses the country’s progress towards achieving the MDGs. It focuses on performance against measured outcomes and assesses where the country is likely to be by 2015. In doing so, it attempts to provide a roadmap for future action.

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Targets for MDG4
  1. Reduce by two thirds the mortality rate among children under five
    • Under-five mortality rate
    • Infant mortality rate
    • Proportion of 1 year-old children immunised against measles