6 Achieve Universal Primary Education

Where we are?

India is on-track and in some cases, ahead of targets that relate to universalizing primary education in India. Gross Enrolment Rates for both girls and boys in 2006-07 crossed 100 percent.

The emphasis on achieving universal primary education can be found in a range of government schemes:

Eleventh Five-Year Plan Goals

  • Reduce dropout rates of children at the elementary level from 52.2 percent in 2003–04 to 20 percent by 2011–12
  • Develop minimum standards of educational attainment in elementary schools, to ensure quality education
  • Increase the literacy rate for persons of age 7 years or more to 85 percent by 2011–12
  • Reduce the gender gap in literacy to 10 percentage points by 2011–12
  • Increase the percentage of each cohort (i.e. is a group of people who share a common characteristic or experience within a defined period) going to higher education from the present 10 percent to 15 percent by 2011–12.

Centrally-sponsored schemes that address this MDG include:

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Millennium Development Goals: India Country Report 2011

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Targets for MDG2
  1. Ensure that, by 2015, children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling
    • Net enrolment ratio in primary education
    • Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach last grade of primary
    • Literacy rate of 15-24 year-olds, women and men