In 2000, 189 nations made a promise to free people from extreme poverty and multiple deprivations. This pledge became the eight Millennium Development Goals to be achieved by 2015. In September 2010, the world recommitted itself to accelerate progress towards these goals.
The Millennium Development Goals Eight Goals for 2015
- 1 Eradicate Extreme Hunger and Poverty
- 2 Achieve Universal Primary Education
- 3 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women
- 4 Reduce Child Mortality
India’s progress on the MDGs for 2015
|Target No.||Target Description||Progress Signs|
|1.||Halve, between 1990 and 2015, proportion of population below national poverty line||Δ|
|2.||Halve, between 1990 and 2015, proportion of people who suffer from hunger||Θ|
|3.||Ensure that by 2015 children everywhere, boys and girls alike, will be able to complete a full course of primary education||ΔΔ|
|4.||Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015||Δ|
|5.||Reduce by two-thirds, between 1990 and 2015, the under-five mortality rate||ΘΔ|
|6.||Reduce by three quarters, between 1990 and 2015, the maternal mortality ratio||ΘΔ|
|7.||Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the spread of HIV/AIDS||Δ|
|8.||Have halted by 2015 and begun to reverse the incidence of malaria and other major diseases||ΘΔ|
|9.||Integrate the principles of sustainable development into country policies and programmes and reverse the loss of environmental resources||ΔΔ|
|10.||Halve, by 2015, the proportion of people without sustainable access to safe drinking water and basic sanitation||ΔΘ|
|11.||By 2020, to have achieved, a significant improvement in the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers||φ|
|12.||In cooperation with the private sector, make available the benefits of new technologies, especially information and communication||ΔΔ|
Δ : Moderately/almost nearly on track considering all indicators
Θ : Slow/almost off-track considering all indicators
ΔΔ : On-track or fast considering all indicators
UNDP’s Leadership on the MDGs in India
|Accelerating Equitable Achievements of the MDGs: Closing Gaps in Health and Nutrition Outcomes
Published in February 2012 by the United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific, the United Nations Development Programme and the Asian Development Bank, the report focuses on disparities in MDG achievement within and between countries, to address major bottlenecks holding back MDG progress in Asia-Pacific region.
UN Millennium Campaign
The UN Millennium Campaign is an inter-agency initiative of the United Nations established in 2002 to support citizens’ efforts to hold their governments accountable for the achievement of the MDGs. In India, the campaign focuses on MDGs 1-7, and on developing partnerships and strengthening capacities of six key constituencies to achieve the goals by 2015.
As the Indian government embarks on formulating the 12th Five-Year Plan aimed at achieving faster, sustainable and inclusive growth, UNDP India has shared the MDG Acceleration Framework (MAF) which was ratified as a potential framework for prioritizing action towards achieving the MDGs.
A roundtable discussion held in 2010 Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms organized in partnership with the Ministry of Statistics and Programme Implementation deliberated on India’s MDGs report card – with particular focus on malnutrition, child survival, maternal survival and access to sanitation.
Working with the Government
UNDP along with other UN partners is in the process of developing a common set of indicators that can be used to track MDGs at the district level. A community monitoring tool for quantitative and qualitative assessment by people of health, education and livelihood related outcomes will also be piloted in seven districts. PAHELI, or People’s Audit of Health, Education and Livelihoods, was conceived as a result of a dialogue between UNDP and Pratham to develop a people-friendly approach to District Human Development report cards.
UNDP’s Role in the MDGs
UNDP supports a range of local capacity development initiatives that address implementation challenges. UNDP works directly with more than 15 central ministries and several states, strengthening capacity of elected representatives and government officials at state, district and local levels and strategic government development programmes and schemes which are geared towards achievement of MDG and national development goals. The process of preparation of human development reports has been instrumental in generating awareness on MDGs at the state and district levels and the policy and statistical challenges around attaining MDGs.
Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms
With a few years left to achieve the MDGs, this document provides a quick snapshot of India’s progress towards the MDGs and highlights key recommendations made during a roundtable discussion 'Achieving the MDGs by 2015: Policy Action for Human Freedoms.'
- India and the MDGs: Towards a Sustainable Future for All
- The Millennium Development Goals Report 2015
- The Millennium Development Goals Report 2014
- Millennium Development Goals - India Country Report 2014
- Millennium Development Goals-India Country Report 2011
- The Millennium Development Goals Report 2011
- The Millennium Development Goals Report 2010
- The Millennium Development Goals Report 2009
- The Millennium Development Goals Report 2008
- MDG Progress Reports
- UNDP in Action 2009/2010: Delivering on Commitments
- What will it take to achieve the Millennium Development Goals? - An international assessment
- India Situational Analysis 2011 Empowered People: Resilient Nation
- An International Assessment - What will it take to achieve the MDGs by 2015?
- Fast Facts
- UN Agencies in India
- UNDP MDG Monitor
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