Socio-Economic Impact of HIV and AIDS in Karnataka 2004-2005 and 200630 Dec 2006
AIDs has emerged as a serious challenge to the world today. Although India remains a low-prevalence country with overall HIV prevalence rate of 0.91 percent, the number of people living with the infection is enormous (5.13 million).
The study ‘Socio-Economic Impact of HIV and AIDS’ was undertaken by National Council of Applied Economic Research (NCAER) in six HIV high-prevalence states in India namely Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Maharashtra, Manipur, Nagaland and Tamil Nadu. The study was carried out with the support of UNDP and NACO.
Objectives The objective of the study is to analyse the nature and extent of socio-economic impact of HIV and AIDS on the affected individuals and their households so that specific strategies needed to alleviate problems faced by HIV-affected households in a developing country like ours, could be formulated.
The focus of the study is on the impact of HIV and AIDS on household income and employment, level and pattern of consumption, savings and borrowings, education of children, health status including expenditure on treatment and the stigma and discrimination the affected individuals and their families are subjected to. The study is based on a primary survey conducted by NCAER.
Data and methodology In the state of Karnataka, the field sur vey was conducted during the period November 2004 to February 2005. Both HIV and non-HIV (control group) households were surveyed so as to compare their socio-economic characteristics, pattern of household expenditure, prevalence of morbidity and differences in enrolment and dropout rates of school going children.
The number of HIV households (households having at least one adult member suffering from HIV) surveyed was 401, comprising 199 rural and 202 urban households. Apart from the state capital city of Bangalore (urban and rural), the survey covered five more districts:- Belgaum from Northern Karnataka, Bellary and Dharwad from Central Karnataka, Mysore from southern Karnataka and Dakshina Kannada from the coastal region, so that HIV high-prevalence districts from different geographic regions of the state could be covered.
As suggested by the Karnataka State AIDS Prevention Society (KSAPS), two VCTC/ PPTCT counsellors, one male and one female, working in district level hospitals