The Uttar Pradesh Human Development Report of 2008 includes three composite indices namely, Human Development index (HDI), Gender Development index (GDI) and Human Deprivation index in place of Human Poverty index (HPI). The Report is founded on the human development approach which acknowledges the possibility of a long and healthy life, acquiring knowledge and access to the resources necessary for a decent standard of living as key areas of development. The Report therefore proposes composite indices that go beyond income based measures. It throws light on the situation of education and an analysis of the condition of health along with a discussion of economic challenges with regard to employment, labour productivity and poverty eradication. The importance of women is the central theme for chapter six, while development of social groups and the challenges they face makes up chapter seven. Issues of governance are also examined before suggested strategies to address the development challenges to the state are presented.