The Gujarat Human Development Report of 2004 focuses on a broad human development framework providing an overarching assessment of the development situation in the state. This Report attempts to evaluate the long term sustainability of the development paradigm being pursued by Gujarat. The current development situation in Gujarat is analysed in the context of previous development Reports for the state. Considerable economic success in the region is contrasted with slowing development and regional disparity. By looking at the development approach holistically and highlighting some successes in Gujarat, this Report aims to show how the state needs to continuously re-orient and adjust its development strategies to ensure sustained progress. The Report serves to highlight areas where further action is required as to how development efforts can be improved.