Technological Cooperation and Climate Change
The publication comprises working papers presented at a consultation on 'Technology Cooperation for Addressing Climate Change' organised jointly by the Ministry of Environment and Forests, Government of India and the United Nations Development Programme.
Addressing Climate Change calls for a broad spectrum of policy responses and strategies at different levels.Globally, two fundamental response strategies of mitigation and adaptation as visualized in the UNFCCC represent the core of global efforts.At the national level, the Government of India has carried it forward in through the National Action Plan on Climate Change in 2008. Its eight National Missions provide a multi-pronged and integrated framework for addressing climate change.
Enhanced actions in the area of mitigation and adaptation require enhanced cooperation among all countries for the development and transfer of environmentally-sound technologies along with their deployment, adoption and diffusion.India’s stand, in this context, is guided by the principle of “common but differentiated responsibility” and by the Bali Action Plan (BAP) and the Cancun decisions for international action. The BAP mandates the development of effective international mechanisms that can scale up the development and transfer of technology to developing countries as well as deployment and diffusion of affordable environmental technologies, and cooperation on research and development (R&D).
This publication attempts to present a range of perspectives with a view to enhance the understanding and analysisof technology cooperation and development in the context of climate change. It provides an overview of the context in which issues pertaining to climate technology and technology cooperation are being discussed and debated.
It also outlines the challenges faced by developing countries in expanding their R&Dcapacity for the development of environmentally sound technologies. These challenges includes the issues of financial requirements and intellectual property rights needed to accelerate the access to such technologies.The R&D regime needs to be fostered for the development of clean technologies and to ensure that technologies emerging are disseminated widely at an accelerated pace. In this context, it is encouraging that the publication offers a critical view on technology needs for India and attempts to identify important sectors that are relevant to this discussion.
I am sure this publication will contribute significantly to the discussion on strategies for promoting technology cooperation to address climate change both nationally, and internationally across countries.