Training Module for Non-Governmental Organisations on Disaster Risk Management 200731 Dec 2007
Civil society organisations, play a critical role in sustaining various capacity building initiatives undertaken to reduce risks of communities from disasters.This training module aims to strengthen capacities of NGOs to support and sustain community-based disaster risk management initiatives.
Increasingly disasters are posing a threat to the lives and livelihoods of millions of people in India. Droughts, floods, earthquakes, cyclones and landslides have hit the country with grim regularity year after year. Between 1994-2003, disasters both natural and human induced disasters have claimed around 68,671 lives and affected an average of 68 million each year in that decade.
With an increase in the number of disasters causing huge loss to life and property, the urgency of developing and imbibing a ‘culture of prevention’ is of prime importance. This culture harnesses human potential with adequate skill, knowledge and confidence to cope with the severe impacts of various hazards. There has been a paradigm shift in our approach to Disaster Management during the last one decade. The shift is from a relief centric approach to a multi-dimensional endeavor involving diverse scientific, engineering, financial and social processes to adopt a multi-disciplinary and multi-sectoral approach. The role of NGOs in this context therefore assumes added significance. Experiences have shown that some of the most successful risk reduction initiatives have involved communities in understanding the hazards of that locality and designing an appropriate response plan. The Community Based Disaster Preparedness and Response Plans transform vulnerable groups into disaster resilient communities. NGOs play a key role in facilitating and supporting the community in the development of Community Based Disaster Management Plans to build it into a disaster resilient unit.