Trainer's Guide for Training in Hazard Resistant Construction01 Jul 2009
Trainer's Guide for Training in Hazard Resistant Construction in India is to ensure effective training of artisans for vulnerability reduction.
The Government of India (GoI) and the United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) supported Disaster Risk Management (DRM) programme implemented in 176 multi-hazard prone districts in 17 states. Its key objective is sustainable reduction in disaster risk through capacity building of different stakeholders. In order to meet this objective several capacity-building and training programmes had been carried out for the masons/artisans in different cities under the Urban Earthquake Vulnerability Reduction Project (UEVRP), a sub-component of the GoI-UNDP DRM Programme, as well as in the districts targeted under the programme for promoting hazard-resistant construction.
The research carried out by the authors of this manual in the aftermath of the various disasters in the past 15 years have brought out one major fact, i.e., the death and destruction that occurred during most of the past disasters are primarily due to collapse of buildings and houses which took place due to violation of the basic rules of hazard-resistant construction. Under the impact of the natural forces such as earthquake, floods, cyclones, and other, vulnerable buildings collapse and cause death and many a times it has been observed that such collapses take place due to ignorance about the right methods of construction. Hence, there was a felt need to train the masons and the engineers on hazard-resistant construction.
To address this, training programmes were conducted under the Disaster Risk Management Programme that focused on skill upgradation of the engineers and masons through appropriate hands-on training. A training-of-trainers approach was adopted to ensure sustainability of the capacity-building programmes. Many engineers have been trained as master trainers for training the masons across the targeted districts and cities.
This manual has been developed as a ready reference for these master trainers which could be used by them while conducting training programmes for the masons on hazard-resistant construction. The manual will be equally helpful for the institutions involved in conducting masons training programmes. The information provided in this manual cover three major hazards i.e., earthquakes, floods and cyclones. The manual mentioned all the necessary construction rules to be followed in order to ensure structural safety in seismic Zone III, IV and V, moderate to very high damage risk wind speed zone and the areas prone to floods. The manual throws light on the critical techniques to be followed in new construction. Appropriate visuals have been used to make this manual user-friendly. It is expected that this joint effort of the Ministry of Home Affairs, the GoI and the UNDP will contribute towards ensuring structural safety and development of safer built environment in India.