Knowledge Management in Disaster Risk Reduction - The Indian Approach31 Dec 2004
The report addresses the need to enhance information sharing and knowledge management by different stakeholders in the area of disaster management. It aims to connect all government departments, statutory agencies, research organizations, and institutions to share collectively expertise in this field.
Indian sub-continent is susceptible to different types of natural hazards owing to the unique topographic and climatic characteristics. The occurrence of disasters along with the losses over the years has been increasing on account of larger population being vulnerable to natural hazards. India has experienced many massive disasters such as the Orissa super cyclone in 1999, Gujarat earthquake in 2001, recent devastating Tsunami- 2004 and many more in the past. This owes not only to the physical vulnerability i.e their proximity to the hazard zone and ill-maintained standards of safety to counter the effects but also due to the prevailing social and economic conditions. There is a conscious effort for Disaster Risk Reduction at National, Provincial and sub-provincial level. Thousands of organizations are supporting the effort from last few decades. However there is a felt gap in information coordination and sharing. The knowledge and experiences of disaster practitioners are remaining in individual or institutional domain. There is an urgent need of an organized common platform to capture, organize and share this knowledge and to create a versatile interface among policy-makers in the Government and disaster managers at all administrative level (National/State/District/Sub-District/ Community). Acknowledging the need for a disaster knowledge networking platform to facilitate interaction and have simultaneous dialogue with all related expertise dealing with disaster management in India, the knowledge management initiative has been thoughtfully envisaged as a tool to store, retrieve, disseminate and manage information related to disaster management.