Guidelines for Hospital Emergency Preparedness Planning08 Oct 2008
The programme aims to contribute to the social and economic development goals of the national and state governments, enabling them to minimize losses to development gains and to reduce their vulnerability to natural disasters. Urban Earthquake Vulnerability Reduction Project (UEVRP), a sub-component of the drm programme, essentially aims at strengthening capacities of communities, urban local bodies and administration in mitigation, preparedness and response in 38 cities in india.
India has been traditionally vulnerable to natural disasters on account of its unique geo-climatic conditions. Floods, droughts, cyclones, earthquakes and landslides are regular phenomena. India also witnessed a hitherto new natural calamity in the form of Indian Ocean Tsunami in 2004 . Last few decades have witnessed an increased frequency in disasters causing tremendous human casualties, in terms of loss of life and disability in addition to huge economic losses. Although these may not be totally preventable but their impact can be minimized by effective planning. Equally important are the “peripheral emergencies” like road, rail and air accidents, fire, drowning and stampedes in mass gathering, industrial accidents, explosions and terrorist attacks that have an inherent potential to convert into a mass casualty incident (MCI). The loss of life and disability are compounded by the lack of adequate medical preparedness both qualitatively and quantitatively across the country.