• 0.62

    Gender Inequality Index

  • 10.7%

    Proportion of Seats Held by Women in Parliament

  • 0.33

    Human Development Index for SC

  • 0.27

    Human Development Index for ST

  • 21.02%

    Proportion of Land Area Covered by Forest

  • 1.37

    CO Emission Per Capital (Metric Tons)

  • 62.8%

    Adult Literacy Rate

  • 0.1%

    HIV Prevalence Youth (ages 15-24)

About India



In recent years, India has enjoyed consistently high rates of growth and steady improvement in human development. However, even as the world’s largest democracy remained resilient in face of the global economic crisis, the country faces a critical challenge similar to several other BRICS counterparts – high growth has been accompanied by persistent poverty and inequality. The country’s Human Development Index value when adjusted for inequality loses 28 percent of its value. The imperative of faster, more inclusive and sustainable growth is central to the Government of India’s 12th Five-Year Plan (2012-17) as well as to the United Nations Development Action Framework (UNDAF 2013-17). 

The national Millennium Development Goal (MDG) Report released in 2011 reveals that India is on track on achieving targets on poverty reduction, education, and HIV at aggregate levels. But much work remains to be done in reducing hunger, improving maternal mortality rates and enabling greater access to water and sanitation targets as well as reducing social and geographic inequalities in achieving these targets. Further, rising gender inequality continues to hamper progress on development goals. Women continue to be excluded in social, economic and political domains. Home to 1.21 billion people, India’s lack of progress affects the global achievement of the MDGs.

India At a Glance

Country flag
Country map
New Delhi
1.21 billion
Area (in sq. km)
Area (in sq. mi)
Poverty Rate
Per Capital Income
US$ 1,330
Human Development Index