Gender Inequality Index
Proportion of Seats Held by Women in National Parliament
Human Development Index for SC
Human Development Index for ST
Proportion of Land Area Covered by Forest
CO Emission Per Capita (Metric Tons)
Adult Literacy Rate
HIV Prevalence Youth (ages 15-24)
In recent years, India has enjoyed consistently high rates of growth and steady improvement in human development. However, even as the world’s largest democracy remained resilient in face of the global economic crisis, the country faces a critical challenge similar to several other BRICS counterparts – high growth has been accompanied by persistent poverty and inequality.
The country’s Human Development Index value when adjusted for inequality loses 28 percent of its value. The imperative of faster, more inclusive and sustainable growth is central to the government’s national development agenda and a series of progressive schemes introduced by the government. Read more>>
Persistent inequality is reflected in the low human development attainments of the country’s most marginalized groups including scheduled castes, tribal and rural populations, women, transgenders, people living with HIV and migrants.
Gender Inequality Despite Economic Growth
Gender inequality in India persists despite high rates of economic growth, and is particularly apparent among marginalized groups. Women participate in employment and decision making much less, than men. This disparity is not likely to be eliminated soon. India’s poor performance on women’s empowerment and gender equality is reflected in many indicators, particularly, the low sex ratio. Read more>>
Strong Economic Growth
India has shown remarkable progress. The economy grew at an average annual rate of 7.26 percent over the past five years. Between 2014 and 2015, the manufacturing sector grew by 8.4 percent, up from 4.4 percent a year ago.
Leadership in South-South Collaboration
The world’s largest and fastest growing democracy, India has today emerged a major leader in key global and South-South initiatives.
Progressive Rights-based Legislations
Over the past decade, India has introduced some of the world’s most far-reaching and progressive rights-based legislations in the world aimed at reducing poverty. Some of these ambitious legislations include, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Right to Education, Right to Information and Right to Food (National Food Security Act) which have emerged as cornerstones of poverty reduction strategies. MGNREGA has improved the average wage rate per day, which has increased from US$ 1.79 in 2009-2010 to US$ 2.83 in 2015. Read more>>
Data on Key Economic and Human Development Indicators
- New Delhi
- 1.21 billion
- Area (in sq. km)
- Area (in sq. mi)
- Poverty Rate
- Per Capita Income
- US$ 1,352.27
- Human Development Index