• 0.56

    Gender Inequality Index

  • 12%

    Proportion of Seats Held by Women in National Parliament

  • 0.33

    Human Development Index for SC

  • 0.27

    Human Development Index for ST

  • 24.01

    Proportion of Land Area Covered by Forest

  • 1.67

    CO Emission Per Capita (Metric Tons)

  • 73%

    Adult Literacy Rate

  • 0.1%

    HIV Prevalence Youth (ages 15-24)


about india
Photo: Graham Crouch/UNDP India

In recent years, India has enjoyed consistently high rates of growth and steady improvement in human development. However, even as the world’s largest democracy remained resilient in face of the global economic crisis, the country faces a critical challenge similar to several other BRICS counterparts – high growth has been accompanied by persistent poverty and inequality.

The country’s Human Development Index value when adjusted for inequality loses 28 percent of its value. The imperative of faster, more inclusive and sustainable growth is central to the government’s national development agenda and a series of progressive schemes introduced by the government. Read more>>


Photo: Zubeni Lotha/UNDP India

Persistent Inequality
Persistent inequality is reflected in the low human development attainments of the country’s most marginalized groups including scheduled castes, tribal and rural populations, women, transgenders, people living with HIV and migrants.


Gender Inequality Despite Economic Growth
Gender inequality in India persists despite high rates of economic growth, and is particularly apparent among marginalized groups. Women participate in employment and decision making much less, than men. This disparity is not likely to be eliminated soon. India’s poor performance on women’s empowerment and gender equality is reflected in many indicators, particularly, the low sex ratio. Read more>>


Photo: Prashanth Vishwanathan/UNDP India

Strong Economic Growth

India has shown remarkable progress. The economy grew at an average annual rate of 7.26 percent over the past five years. Between 2014 and 2015, the manufacturing sector grew by 8.4 percent, up from 4.4 percent a year ago.

Leadership in South-South Collaboration

The world’s largest and fastest growing democracy, India has today emerged a major leader in key global and South-South initiatives. 

Progressive Rights-based Legislations
Over the past decade, India has introduced some of the world’s most far-reaching and progressive rights-based legislations in the world aimed at reducing poverty.  Some of these ambitious legislations include, the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA), Right to Education, Right to Information and Right to Food (National Food Security Act) which have emerged as cornerstones of poverty reduction strategies.  MGNREGA has improved the average wage rate per day, which has increased from US$ 1.79 in 2009-2010 to US$ 2.83 in 2015. Read more>>

Country flag
Country map
New Delhi
1.21 billion
Area (in sq. km)
Area (in sq. mi)
Poverty Rate
Per Capita Income
US$ 1,352.27
Human Development Index